The U.S Army Has Big Plans for New Mobile Protected Firepower Vehicles
More Prototype Mobile Protected Firepower vehicles will soon be arriving through the Army’s Rapid Prototyping deal with BAE Systems and General Dynamics Land Systems. Each vendor will deliver twelve prototype vehicles for testing and development, a key step toward a 2022 “down-select” to one vendor and the eventual construction of 504 vehicles.
General Dynamics Land Systems is delivering pre-production MPF vehicles to meet the Army’s test and fielding schedule and is looking forward to them being selected for fielding to the Army.
“Our candidate features a large-caliber cannon and employs a combat-proven fire control system. Its ultra-modern diesel engine provides a high power-to-weight ratio with extended tactical range. The hydraulic pneumatic suspension allows for superb cross-country mobility,” a General Dynamics Land Systems report states.
The Army is planning an upcoming series of “soldier vehicle” assessments intended to test the operational effectiveness, weapons capabilities and combat attributes of each vehicle. Army leaders also say the assessments include conducting “live-fire” attacks on the prototypes to assess each’s ability to withstand various kinds of anticipated enemy fire.
The test attacks on prototypes will include RPGs, crew-served weapons, small arms fire and various kinds of cannons and land-rockets. These experiments are intended to fully and accurately replicate combat as part of soldier “lethality tests” of its new MPF platform, senior Army weapons developers have described. Part of these assessments include move-to-contact missions, assault exercises, medium-range fire on static and moving targets — and mobility tests across rigorous, uneven terrain. Army developers will also look at expanding the anticipated mission requirements for the MPF, to include counter-air attacks on enemy drones and helicopters, Army developers say.
The MPF is being accelerated to war, in part to meet a pressing need for mobile firepower to support rapidly advancing light infantry. Army assessments found that Infantry Brigade Combat Teams (IBCTs) lack the maneuverable firepower needed to destroy fortified enemy positions, bunkers, light armored vehicles and heavy machine gun positions.
Lighter, air-droppable vehicles are able to attack through a wider range of methods but are not well-suited enough for the combat missions expected for the MPF, service developers explained. Army program managers explain the vehicle as a platform that must “be able to withstand a certain threshold of enemy fire.”
At the same time, rapid deployability and speed of maneuver are not, according to many U.S. weapons developers, at odds with high levels of survivability. Scalable armor, long-range sensors, Active Protection Systems and precision, heavy-weight firepower are all factors aimed at reconciling what might appear to be a contradiction. In fact, a Modern War Institute paper, titled Light, Mobile and Many: Rethinking the Future of Armor, suggests that, given the advent of these new technologies, lighter-weight combat vehicles with less armor might become even more important.
Kris Osborn is defense editor for the National Interest. Osborn previously served at the Pentagon as a Highly Qualified Expert with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army — Acquisition, Logistics & Technology. Osborn has also worked as an anchor and on-air military specialist at national TV networks. He has appeared as a guest military expert on Fox News, MSNBC, The Military Channel, and The History Channel. He also has a Masters Degree in Comparative Literature from Columbia University.